What is bone marrow transplant?
A medical procedure which is done for the replacement of a bone marrow destroyed due to some infection, chemotherapy or some disease is called bone marrow transplant. In this procedure new blood cells are transplanted which upon travelling to bone marrow generate new blood cells and further promote expansion of marrow.
Why it is must to have bone marrow transplant
A bone marrow transplant is usually performed when the bone marrow of the person is not healthy enough to function properly. Often cancer, diseases or some severe infection is the reason for this. There are hospitals for bone marrow transplant in india for curing such problem. Some of the causes for bone marrow transplant are
- When the bone marrow stops producing new blood cells. This condition is called aplastic anaemia
- Certain cancers like leukemia lymphoma or chemotherapy which destroys the bone marrow of a person.
- Certain inherited diseases like congenital neutropenia
- Thalassemia disease where some abnormal haemoglobin is produced
What are the difficulties associated with the procedure?
Certain complications associated with bone marrow transplant include
- Sudden drop in BP
- Severe pain in head
Is the procedure painful for donor?
The procedure is not painful for the donor as he will receive anaesthesia. With the help of needle the doctors will extract some liquid marrow from pelvic bone. The donor will not know anything due to the effect of anaesthesia.
What happens in bone marrow transplant?
During bone marrow transplant the stem cells are removed from the blood and later transplanted when the dented cells are removed. If above stated procedure is not possible then the bone marrow of the donor is used.
Time duration of recovery from bone marrow transplant procedure
The donor can resume his/her daily work in around 1 to 7 days. Within a few weeks of the procedure the level of marrow also gets normal. It should be remembered that the time of recovery may vary from donor to donor and the type of donation they have undergone.
How safe is bone marrow transplant?
Bone marrow transplant is a complete safe procedure for leukemia treatment. However there are several risks involved with the procedure. The biggest and life threatening condition arises when there is no compatibility between cells of donor and recipient.
Is biopsy of bone marrow painful?
A local anaesthesia is required , however a short but sharp pain can be experienced. The person in question is in his consciousness during the procedure. The site of biopsy will be inactive or anaesthetized so as to reduce the affect of pain. The area of insertion of needle will further be cleaned.
Is the transplant procedure successful?
The procedure is successful when the embryonic cells of the donor match with those of the recipient. If there is incompatibility between them then the condition can even be life threatening.
The best hospitals for bone marrow transplant in India can be searched and reviewed on google.